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Redness of the skin: causes, home remedies and prevention

Redness of the skin: causes, home remedies and prevention


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Reddening of the skin is a collective term for all reddening of the skin that differs from normal skin. Sometimes there are smaller red spots like the face rose or measles, then again a large area on which the color changes. Wheals can develop and other symptoms such as itching, pain or overheating can occur. In many cases, the reddish spots can be treated well with home remedies.

Symptoms

Reddening of the skin is often associated with other symptoms. Itchy rash is very common, namely when the reason for the redness is an allergy such as hay fever, an infection, whether by bacteria, fungi or viruses. Pain also occurs, especially if the area of ​​the skin becomes red due to an injury, a bruise, sprain or a fracture. With infections and wounds, the reddened area feels hot.

Causes of skin redness

The change in skin color can have very different causes. This is how the skin turns red when the blood vessels expand. This happens when we exert ourselves physically, get upset, i.e. get angry, feel ashamed or are sexually aroused. The blood vessels also dilate when we drink alcohol, and then we turn red. Chronic alcoholism, on the other hand, leads to permanent reddening of the skin. Dry heating also causes blood vessels to expand, and nicotine can also be used as a trigger.

Common causes of reddening of the skin are psychological reactions, infections, sunburn, poisons and allergies.

Rashes are usually caused by infections, either in the body or directly on the skin. This includes viruses and bacteria as well as the side effects of medication and allergies. Rarely, non-infectious inflammations occur, which are called "eczema".

This can be vascular inflammation, autoimmune diseases or systemic diseases. If the redness affects only a limited area, for example on the lips, the pathogen is likely to come from outside, contact eczema and fungal infections are typical.

Psychosomatic redness is also common: the skin then reacts to psychological problems and negative stress.

Sensible skin

Sensitive skin is not a disease and cannot be "healed". It is often naturally dry because its protection from the outside world is weaker than that of damp skin.

People with sensitive skin react intensely to various external stimuli: they quickly suffer from fungal attack, they often have an allergic reaction to cosmetics, spicy food causes an itchy face. Some people even experience redness when taking a hot or cold shower.

Sensitive skin needs special care, for example with special creams after a dermatologist has determined the fat and moisture content of the skin. In general, those affected should not stay in the sun for long, avoiding the sauna and hot showers.

Menopause

Women over 40 in particular often blush on the nose and cheeks. These flare-ups are probably a result of menopause. Those affected have hot flashes, the skin itches and burns. The redness only remains if the control of the blood vessels is disturbed. Then the facial veins do not close by themselves.

Triggers are spicy food, alcohol, heat or cold such as psychological-emotional triggers (stress, anger, shame or arousal).

Couperose

Couperose shows up in enlarged blood vessels. The blood shimmers through the skin in blue-red-violet colors. This can also ignite and be sprinkled with blisters, pimples and knots.

The cause of the skin disease is unclear. In any case, it is associated with connective tissue weakness, and women over 50 are most commonly affected. Self-help means avoiding the same triggers as with a facial rose: sauna, extreme temperatures, hot drinks, alcohol, chilli and pepper, sun and sunlamps.

If visible veins are particularly disruptive, the dermatologist can desolate them or "weld" the vessels with light treatment.

Plant poison

Giant hogweed, also called Hercules leg, is one of the plants that you shouldn't even touch with kid gloves: if you touch the white flowering beauty, your skin will itch, it will redden and form wheals; the suffering sometimes lasts for weeks. The wounds wet like burns and the symptoms are like third degree burns. The perennial contains phototoxic substances that react to sunlight. The wounds heal hard and scars and pigmentation disorders are the result.

The poison of the bear's claus also gets into the air. Therefore, you should never stand directly next to the plant on hot summer days if you do not want to catch bronchitis. Two related species, wild hogweed and angelica have the same effect.

Acne

Acne is the most common condition that manifests itself as reddening of the skin and often leads to psychological problems. "Normal" pimples, as they generally appear in puberty, are joined to pus-filled pustules and nodules. The face in particular looks like a "crumble cake", but the bumps also cover the back, chest and other parts of the body.

It mostly affects young people, especially those who have reached puberty. This is one of the reasons why acne often leads to psychological problems: of all times, when the hormones of those affected are running at full speed and sexual desire is awakening, in which they want to look attractive to sexual partners, they suffer from skin problems that are generally not considered to be “sexy " be valid.

Allergies

Red spots on the face can be triggered by allergies. Excessive care is particularly responsible today. Perioral dermatitis is shown by blisters around the mouth. If you damage your skin with too many creams and lotions, you will lose the ability to produce the body's own fats. The skin dries out; As an antidote, many people use creams and thus aggravate the symptoms.

Which diseases lead to reddening of the skin?

Disease states with a acute reddening of the skin are connected:

  • Infectious rashes, such as those triggered by viruses,
  • Angioedema,
  • Hereditary angioedema,
  • Systemic scleroderma,
  • acute urticaria (urticaria),
  • Contact allergic or poisonous eczema. This includes acute eczema after hair coloring or sunburn (excessive UV radiation),
  • The so-called gneiss is medically called seborrheic eczema: greasy scales and a red rash on the face are typical. Men and infants are affected. First the rash spreads to the face and head, then it spreads over the body. The cause is unknown.

It must be distinguished from acute facial redness and swelling chronic redness and facial swelling. Typical diseases are:

  • Rosacea erythematosa,
  • Rosacea fulminans,
  • Acne conglobata,
  • Acne Fulminans.

The Curse of the Celts - The Facial Rose

If your facial skin is not only persistently reddish in color, but firstly the blood vessels are also visible and the skin burns as if it were stinging, then it could be rosacea. Rosacea is an inflammatory skin disease that mainly occurs on the forehead, nose, chin and cheeks. Approximately 4 million people in Germany suffer from it, but only a few know that this is the disease.

The inflammation shows up in a chronic reddening, but also as nodules, vesicles, with visible veins and swelling on the face. The symptoms are reminiscent of an acne or allergy, which is why rosacea is often confused with.

Light skin is a risk factor

Rosacea is known as the "Curse of the Celts". The inflammation is particularly prevalent in Northern Europe, Scandinavia and Great Britain. But it is not the wet and cold weather that is responsible, but the fair skin with reddish or blonde hair and blue, green or gray eyes and freckles.

How does rosacea develop?

To this day, science does not know the cause of the "facial rose". Because it is an inflammation, a nerve control disorder, an innate immune deficiency or a reaction to external stimuli are probably responsible.

In facial rose, the skin produces an inadequate protein, which in turn is part of our immune system. Demodex mites colonize to a large extent on skin attacked by rosacea. To date, however, it is unclear whether the mites seek out the affected skin after the disease has broken out or whether they themselves cause the inflammation.

The skin of the patient becomes extremely red when exposed to the sun (UV radiation), hot spices, alcohol or a change in temperature. The skin reacts hypersensitively. Here, too, the cause and effect have not been clarified: in any case, the skin of the sick is hypersensitive. But is hypersensitive skin also a cause of the disease?

Many symptoms of facial rose show up as an extreme reaction to stimuli, which also cause blushing in healthy people.

Home remedies for sunburn

Make sure you have good sun protection, wear a hat, stay in the shade. Put on wide shirts with long sleeves. In the event of sunburn, we should leave the sun, cover the skin, drink a lot and cool the skin - with showers or wet towels. Juice from aloe vera and cold black tea on the burned areas helps, as does curd wrap and yoghurt or a porridge made from water and healing earth.

Oak bark, arnica and sea buckthorn oil as a gel or with water support the healing, as well as cold cucumber slices are a helpful home remedy for sunburn.

Prevention is better: Antioxidants protect the skin from the inside, for example in tomatoes, peppers, carrots, cabbage and fennel. Matching clothing: headgear, long sleeves and staying in the shade, combined with sunscreen, prevents sunburn.

Skin redness with fever

Many feverish diseases are associated with reddened skin. These include rubella, measles, chickenpox, scarlet fever, three-day fever and ringed rubella. The specific redness is even the leading symptom in these diseases.

Rubella is pea-sized, light red spots. These spread from the head down. The sufferers otherwise show symptoms similar to those of flu, but about half of the patients do not have a rash.

Measles indicate red spots that are initially small and then grow larger. They also spread from the head. The other measles symptoms can be easily distinguished from rubella. White spots form on the cheek mucosa.

Scarlet, on the other hand, has many but tiny rashes that are not light red like rubella, but scarlet, hence the name. The cheeks turn bright red, while the mouth and chin keep their normal color.

With chickenpox, the small red spots become blisters that are filled with liquid. This is clear at first, but then takes on a milky color. They dry up and form crusts. With a chickenpox infection, red spots, blisters and crusts are scattered on the skin at the same time. The vernacular describes the sight as "starry sky".

In the case of a three-day fever, which affects very small children in particular, the rash follows a fever episode; it only develops when the fever drops after about three days. The skin changes are very small and very light compared to measles, rubella and chickenpox.

Ringed rubella is a typical illness of preschool and primary school children. The face turns red in the shape of a butterfly with spread wings, then the rash "curls" from there like a garland over the body.

Hand-foot-mouth disease

The hand-foot-mouth disease is shown by red spots in the mouth, on the hand and on the soles of the feet. The blisters on the skin don't hurt, the ones in the mouth even more. There is also a fever, abdominal pain and nausea.

The sick child should especially enjoy food cold and liquid; Quark, yogurt and porridge are suitable. It should not eat or drink anything that contains acid, as this attacks the weakened oral mucosa, i.e. no fruit juices, no acidic fruit or vinegar.

This virus infection is transmitted by droplets and is highly contagious. The place of infection is usually the kindergarten.

Insect bites

For example, anyone who is allergic to insect bites will feel heat waves all over their bodies - the area around the puncture will also heat and become red and swell up.

Prevention

If you suffer from recurrent reddening of the skin, you can relieve the symptoms. Do you keep a diary for when your skin turned red and what you did (after playing tennis, after the sauna, before meeting the boss)?

Did you experience stress and reddened your skin? If so, what was the trigger for the stress and how can it be avoided? Have you tried a new makeup and looked like a strawberry cake afterwards? Change the preparation.

Do you have red spots on your forehead after jogging? Does the blood rise in their faces during weight training? Even if it is difficult: Replace the full power with relaxed cycling or longer walks.

Avoid sun. Make sure you have good sun protection, wear a hat, stay in the shade. (Dr. Utz Anhalt)

Author and source information

This text corresponds to the requirements of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.

Dr. phil. Utz Anhalt, Barbara Schindewolf-Lensch

Swell:

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  • Nina G. Jablonski, George Chaplin: The evolution of human skin coloration, Journal of Human Evolution, Vol. 39, Issue 1, July 1, 2000, p. 57, (accessed September 6, 2019), PubMed
  • Thomas Lewis: The Blood Vessels of the Human Skin, Br Med J. 1926 Jul 10; 2 (3418): 61-62, (accessed September 6, 2019), PubMed
  • SM Keyse, R. Tyrrell: Heme oxygenase is the major 32-kDa stress protein induced in human skin fibroblasts by UVA radiation, hydrogen peroxide, and sodium arsenite, PNAS January 1, 1989 86 (1) 99-103, (accessed September 6. 2019), doi
  • Hans Lautenschläger: Reddening of the skin - tracking down the causes, dermaviduals, (available on September 6, 2019), dermaviduals
  • Thomas Dirschka, Roland Hartwig, Claus Oster-Schmidt: Clinic Guide Dermatology, Urban & Fischer Verlag, Elsevier GmbH, 3rd edition 2010
  • Markus Reinholz et al .: Rosacea, Guideline of the German Dermatological Society, (accessed September 6, 2019), AWMF
  • Knut Brockow et al .: Guideline Allergological Diagnostics of Hypersensitivity Reactions to Medicinal Products, S2K Guideline of the German Society for Allergology and Clinical Immunology (DGAKI) and the German Dermatological Society (DDG), (accessed September 6, 2019), AWMF
  • Alexander Nast, Christiane Bayerl, Claudia Borelli et al .: S2k guideline on acne therapy, German Dermatological Society (DDG), (accessed on September 6, 2019), AWMF
  • Torsten Zuberbier et al .: S3 guideline urticaria, German Society for Allergology and Clinical Immunology (DGAKI), German Dermatological Society (DDG), (accessed September 6, 2019), AWMF


Video: Cellulitis: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Merck Manual Consumer Version Quick Facts (July 2022).


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