Diseases

Osteoporosis - symptoms, causes and treatment

Osteoporosis - symptoms, causes and treatment


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Bone Disease Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a bone metabolism disorder that is characterized by the loss of bone mass, bone structure and bone function and is associated with broken bones, in particular vertebral fractures and femoral neck fractures. The proportion of women affected is 70-80 percent, which is attributed to hormonal influences. Even if family stress is to play a role, there are a number of factors that can be influenced therapeutically, which are considered by practitioners of naturopathy in particular for both prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.

Bone loss

Even in healthy people, the maximum bone density is reached at around 35 years of age, whereupon the body gradually loses about a third of its bone substance and muscle mass until the age of 70. In osteoporosis, this process of bone loss takes place prematurely or accelerates due to various influences.

The decalcification of the bones due to calcium loss is not primarily responsible - as is the case with osteomalacia - there is rather a quantitative imbalance between bone build-up and bone loss.

Warning signs and symptoms of osteoporosis

The symptoms range from chronic pain to "getting smaller". The symptoms often initially appear as stress pain, which turns into chronic back pain, lower back pain or rheumatoid limb pain, similar to the symptoms of a lumbago (lumbago).

The pain arises less in the bones themselves, but primarily through the compensatory muscle tension in the affected regions.

The disease can also be asymptomatic and only become apparent with a bone fracture. The spine is particularly affected, which forms a curvature and the (previously) so-called “widow's hump” due to collapses in the vertebral body and weakened bones in the thoracic vertebrae. The body size decreases, which in turn leads to fir-like skin folds in the back area, which develop as the child grows smaller. Another common complication, particularly affecting older people, is a broken femoral neck. The laboratory values ​​are usually unremarkable.

Causes of osteoporosis

Causes and possible origins. The primary cause of osteoporosis is estrogen deficiency in postmenopausal women. In fact, up to 80% of menopausal women are affected by bone loss. But many other causes and influences are also discussed, even if the exact origin of the bone metabolism disorder has not yet been clearly clarified.

In addition to estrogen and calcium deficiency or calcium utilization disorders, depending on the medical focus (conventional or naturopathic), anorexia, heavy metal poisoning, lactose intolerance (lactose intolerance), indigestion, many births and dysfunction of the parathyroid gland (hyperparathyroidism) are suspected.

Other possible causes and risk factors include water with a high fluoride content, foods that are very high in phosphates, a lack of vitamins and minerals as well as various medications (cortisone, epileptics, anticoagulants, "pill") and a genetic predisposition.

In addition, lack of exercise, (permanent) stress, excessive consumption of nicotine, alcohol, sodas and protein and phosphorus-rich but low-calcium meat are favorable factors in the development of osteoporosis. Testosterone deficiency also promotes osteoporosis in men

Natural treatment for bone loss

The diagnosed underlying disease or disorder is treated first, if it can be identified. For prevention and therapy, care should be taken to a diet that contains a lot of green vegetables, which contains a lot more usable calcium than dairy products.

Regular consumption of wholegrain products, fruit, tofu and soybeans, nuts, fish and Brussels sprouts, kefir and yoghurt is recommended, as is the avoidance of caffeinated drinks (coffee, tea, cola!), Which have an adverse effect on the calcium balance. Since aluminum in particular is suspected of promoting osteoporosis, aluminum pots and cauldrons should not be used. In addition, it is necessary to switch to regular but appropriate exercise.

From the repertoire of the Schüssler salts are Silicea, Calcium phos. and calcium flour to recommend. Medicinal plants include alfalfa, horsetail, comfrey and seaweed, which contain many minerals and vitamins.

Of course, orthomolecular therapy also offers concepts, just like each of the other orientations has its specific naturopathic treatment for the treatment of osteoporosis. These include homeopathy, Bach flower therapy, TCM and acupuncture, osteopathy and clinical hypnosis. (Dipl.Päd. Jeanette Viñals Stein, naturopath)

Author and source information

This text corresponds to the specifications of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.

Jeanette Viñals Stein, Barbara Schindewolf-Lensch

Swell:

  • Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG): Osteoporosis (accessed: July 31, 2019), gesundheitsinformation.de
  • Dachverband Osteologie e.V .: S3 guideline on prophylaxis, diagnosis and therapy of osteoporosis, as of December 2017, detailed view of guidelines
  • Buchbinder, Rachelle / Johnston, Renea V. / Rischin, Kobi J. / u.a .: Percutaneous vertebroplasty for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2018, cochranelibrary.com
  • Qaseem, Amir, Forciea, Mary Ann / McLean, Robert M. / et al: Treatment of Low Bone Density or Osteoporosis to Prevent Fractures in Men and Women: A Clinical Practice Guideline Update From the American College of Physicians, Annals of Internal Medicine, 2017 , annals.org
  • Zhao, Jia-Guo / Zeng, Xian-Tie / Wang, Jia / u .: Association Between Calcium or Vitamin D Supplementation and Fracture Incidence in Community-Dwelling Older Adults, Jama Network, 2017, jamanetwork.com
  • Professional Association of German Internists e.V .: Osteoporosis (accessed: July 31, 2019), internisten-im-netz.de
  • Robert Koch Institute: Osteoporosis (accessed: July 31, 2019), rki.de
  • National Health Service UK: Overview - Osteoporosis (access: July 31, 2019), nhs.uk
  • Mayo Clinic: Osteoporosis (accessed: July 31, 2019), mayoclinic.org
  • National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases: Osteoporosis overview (accessed: July 31, 2019), mayoclinic.org

ICD codes for this disease: M80-M82ICD codes are internationally valid encodings for medical diagnoses. You can find e.g. in doctor's letters or on disability certificates.


Video: Osteoporosis Causes, Symptoms, Signs, Treatment - by Dr. Vimee Bindra Basu (May 2022).