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Measles: Inadequately vaccinated people cannot go to daycare centers and schools for three weeks


Measles cases: Health authorities issue a ban on entry for non-vaccinated people

After several measles cases, the health authority in Wuppertal has issued a three-week ban on daycare and schools for insufficiently vaccinated people. This is the maximum time between contact and the onset of the disease.

Several measles cases in Wuppertal

Eight measles cases have occurred in Wuppertal (North Rhine-Westphalia) within the past three weeks (as of July 5, 2019). According to a message, the health department has identified over 400 contact persons and has indicated that their vaccination protection may need to be completed. As a precaution, citizens should check their measles vaccination protection.

Three-week entry ban

"As a precautionary measure, the health authority had to issue a ban on access to daycare centers and schools over 21 days for insufficiently immune staff and children and adolescents who were not vaccinated against measles," the report said.

According to the information, this is the maximum period between contact and the onset of the disease.

The head of the health department, Dr. Ute Wenzel hopes that the measles outbreak will subside in the summer holidays that are about to begin when there are fewer contacts between children and adolescents in large groups.

The authority also calls on citizens to have their own vaccination protection checked and, if necessary, to be completed.

Measles, mumps and rubella vaccinations

Measles vaccinations are usually carried out as combination vaccinations, the so-called measles-mumps-rubella vaccinations - today often in combination with a vaccine against chickenpox.

Two vaccinations are generally required to be fully protected.

In this country measles vaccination is recommended for children from the eleventh month of life, for infants in a day care center from the ninth month.

And: "A single vaccination against measles is generally recommended for all adults who were born after 1970 and who have not been vaccinated against measles at all or only once during childhood or whose vaccination status is unclear," writes the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) on his website.

"People who were born before 1970 are very likely to have had measles," said the experts.

Infectious disease

Measles is a highly contagious disease. The transmission takes place by droplet infection. When coughing, sneezing or speaking, the pathogens get into the air and can pass on the disease even a few meters away.

Staying in one room can be sufficient, regardless of the length of contact. The viruses in the air usually die after a few hours.

The disease is initially accompanied by flu-like symptoms such as fever, cough, runny nose, inflammation in the nasopharynx and later a characteristic rash.

In some cases, complications such as otitis media, respiratory tract and pneumonia occur.

“The infection weakens the immune system and can be fatal in very rare cases. Measles is particularly dangerous for infants and young children, ”says the City of Wuppertal.

And further: “In uncomplicated cases, measles disease heals completely and leaves lifelong immunity to the virus. The disease cannot be treated, only the symptoms. ”(Ad)

Author and source information

This text corresponds to the specifications of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.

Swell:

  • City of Wuppertal: Health Department: Eight measles cases in three weeks - check vaccination protection, (accessed: 08.07.2019), City of Wuppertal
  • Robert Koch Institute: Vaccination against measles: Frequently asked questions and answers, (accessed: July 8, 2019), Robert Koch Institute



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